The Global Ocean Health Index measures performance of ten societal goals for healthy oceans on a quantitative scale of increasing health from 0 to 100, and combines these scores into a single Index score, for each country and globally. The Global Ocean Health Index involves synthesizing highly heterogeneous information from nearly one hundred sources. Data from each source are formatted and used to calculate Index scores using freely available coding and version control software. One of the goals of the project is to make all their data and methods available to anyone who wants to further explore the results or use the data for other projects.
The Ocean Colour CCI (OC_CCI) project (https://esa-oceancolour-cci.org/)focuses on the Ocean Colour ECV encompassing water-leaving radiance in the visible domain, derived chlorophyll and inherent optical properties and uses data archives of from ESA’s MERIS and NASA’s SeaWiFS, MODIS and possibly CZCS sensors archives.
Size-structured mineral dust aerosols and associated radiative effects produced by four different atmospheric transport models. The study draws on observational data on dust abundance, in situ measurements of dust optical properties and size distribution, and climate and atmospheric chemical transport model simulations of atmospheric dust concentrations.
A high-resolution sea surface temperature analysis product that blends in situ (ship and buoy) reports and satellite data and uses optimum interpolation to fill spatial gaps.
A map of the biological production potential for marine aquaculture across the globe produced using an innovative approach that draws from physiology, allometry and growth theory.
Global fisheries catch rates from a range of public sources harmonised and mapped based on the description of the reported taxa and the fishing fleets involved.
The Surface Ocean CO₂ Atlas (SOCAT) is a synthesis activity for quality-controlled, surface ocean fCO₂ (fugacity of carbon dioxide) observations by the international marine carbon research community (>100 contributors). It has over 20 million fCO₂ measurements .
A global database of mangrove forest cover at high spatial and temporal resolutions that has been used to monitor mangrove cover at the global, national and protected area scales. Several databases including the Global Forest Change database, the Terrestrial Ecosystems of the World database, and the Mangrove Forests of the World database were used to extract the mangrove forest cover.
The Jellyfish Database Initiative (JeDI) is a scientifically-coordinated global database dedicated to gelatinous zooplankton (members of the Cnidaria, Ctenophora and Thaliacea) and associated environmental data. The open-access database was designed for all researchers, media, and public to use as a current and future research tool. The database holds 476,000 quantitative, categorical, presence-absence and presence only records of gelatinous zooplankton spanning the past four centuries (1790-2011) assembled from a variety of published and unpublished sources. Gelatinous zooplankton data are reported to species level, where identified, but taxonomic information on phylum, family and order are reported for all records.
For the Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) extensive quality control and subsequent calibration were carried out for salinity, oxygen, nutrient, carbon dioxide, total alkalinity, pH and chlorofluorocarbon data. Data from approximately one million individual seawater samples were collected from almost 800 cruises carried during the years 1972-2013. The data were used to produce global climatology maps for many of the parameters.